澳门快三

科学教研

NUOBEIERJIANGJI“SHIGUANYINGERZHIFU”AIDEHUAZI

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       AIDEHUAZIDECHENGGUOGAISHANLEQUANQIUBAIWANJIMINZHONGDESHENGHUO

  英国生理学家罗伯特 爱德华兹获奖

  “BUYUZHENGZHEMOZHEQUANQIUCHAOGUO10%DEFUFU,AIDEHUAZISUOHUOCHENGJIUSHIZHILIAOZHEIYIBINGZHENGCHENGWEIKENENG。”

  YINGGUOSHENGLIXUEJIALUOBOTE·AIDEHUAZI1958NIANZHESHOUYANJIUSHIGUANSHOUJING,2010NIANHUONUOBEIERJIANG。NUOBEIERSHENGLIXUEHUOYIXUEJIANGPINGSHENWEIYUANHUISHUO,AIDEHUAZISUOZUOYANJIUYOUZHUYUXIAOCHUQUANQIU10%BUYUZHENGFUFUSUOMIANLINDEKUNRAO。

  老翁获奖

  DANGDISHIJIAN11SHI30FEN(BEIJINGSHIJIAN17SHI30FEN),RUIDIANSHOUDOUSIDEGEERMOKALUOLINSIKAYIXUEYUANYIJIANHUITANGNEI,NIANDUNUOBEIERSHENGLIXUEHUOYIXUEJIANGJIEXIAO。HUOJIANGZHEAIDEHUAZIDUDE1000WANRUIDIANKELANG(YUEHE150WANMEIYUAN)JIANGJIN。

  YUWANGNIANYIYANG,NUOJIANGPINGSHENWEIYUANHUISHITUZAIXINWENFABUHUIQIANAOMENKUAISANTONGZHIHUOJIANGZHE,SUIHOUZAIFABUHUIGUOCHENGZHONGRANGHUOJIANGZHEMIANDUIJIZHE,KENENGQINGKUANGXIASHIXIANHUDONG。JINNIANYIXUEJIANGFABUHUISHANG,ZHUCHIRENSHUO,AOMENKUAISANTONGZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,DEZHIAIDEHUAZISHENTIZHUANGKUANGBUJIA。AIDEHUAZIDEQIZISHUO,TAZIYIFEICHANGGAOXING,XIANGXINZHANGFUDEGANJUEHUIYUZIJIYIYANG。YIMINGJIZHETIWEN,AIDEHUAZISHIFOUHUIYINWEISHENTIYUANYINQUEXIDINGYU12YUE10RI、JINUOBEIERJIJINHUICHUANGSHIRENAERFULEIDE·NUOBEIERJIRIJUXINGDEBANJIANGDIANLI。YIMINGPINGSHENWEIYUANHUIDA:“XIANZAIGUIHUABANJIANGDIANLIWEISHISHANGZAO。”

  主导作用

  PINGSHENWEIYUANHUISHUO,AIDEHUAZIZISHANGSHIJI50NIANDAIKAISHIZHAOXUNZHILIAORENTIBUYUDEFANGFA,JINGYOUXITONGYANJIUZHUBUDADAOMUBIAO。TAFAXIAN,RENDELUANZIKEZAISHIGUANZHONGWANCHENGSHOUJINGGUOCHENG,ZAIFENLIECHENGPEITAIHOUZHIRUNVXINGZIGONGJIXUFAYU。“BUYUZHENGZHEMOZHEQUANQIUCHAOGUO10%DEFUFU,”PINGSHENWEIYUANHUISHUO,“AIDEHUAZISUOHUOCHENGJIUSHIZHILIAOZHEIYIBINGZHENGCHENGWEIKENENG。”

  AIDEHUAZISUOZUOYANJIU1969NIANHUODETUPOXINGJINZHAN,QUANQIUSHOUMEIRENDELUANZIZAISHIGUANNEICHENGGONGSHOUJING。1978NIAN7YUE25RI,SHOUMINGSHIGUANYINGERLUYISI·BULANGDANSHENG。SUIHOU,AIDEHUAZIJIQITONGBANBUDUANWANSHANZHEIYIJISHUBINGYUQUANQIUYANJIURENYUANFENXIANGCHENGGUO,QIJINJIANGSHENGDAYUE400WANMINGSHIGUANYINGER。XINWENFABUHUISHANG,YIMINGPINGSHENWEIYUANHUIDAJIZHETIWENSHISHUO,RUIDIANMEINIANCHAOGUO1000MINGSHIGUANYINGERDANSHENG,ZAIRUIDIANXINSHENGERZONGSHUZHONGZHANDAYUE1%ZHI2%。“YIGEQUANXINYIXUELINGYUJIUCIDANSHENG,”PINGSHENWEIYUANHUIZAIXINWENGONGBAOZHONGSHUO,“CONGCHUTUPODAOCHENGSHUSHIGUANSHOUJINGJISHU,AIDEHUAZIYIZHIFAHUIZHEZHUDAOZUOYONG。”

  惠泽民众

  BAOKUOBULANGZAINEI,BUSHAOSHIGUANYINGERRUJINYIWEIRENFUMU。PINGSHENWEIYUANHUIRENWEI,ZHEIZHENGMINGSHIGUANSHOUJINGJISHUANQUAN、YOUXIAO。WEIYUANHUILUNDING:“ZHANGQISUIFANGYANJIUXIANSHI,SHIGUANYINGERHEPUTONGYINGERYIYANGJIANKANG。”AIDEHUAZISUOCHUANGYANJIUZHONGXINXIANRENFUZERENMAIKENAMIDUIQIANBEIHUOJIANGBIAOSHIAOMENKUAISAN。“AIDEHUAZISHIJIECHUDEKEXUEJIAZHIYI,”TASHUO,“TASHANGSHIJI60NIANDAIDEFAXIANDAILAITUPO,GAISHANQUANQIUBAIWANJIMINZHONGDESHENGHUO。”RUIDIANLONGDEDAXUESHENGZHIYANJIUXIANGMUFUZERENJIWEIERKEMANGAOSUMEILIANSHEJIZHE,AIDEHUAZIDEYANJIUCHENGGUODUIAIZHENG、GANXIBAOYANJIUDENGLINGYUYIYIZHONGDA。“WOMENHUODEYIXIANGKEYIYINGYONGYUQITALINGYUDEGONGJU,”TASHUO,“WOMENCHENGNIANHOUSUOHUANJIBINGZHONG,BUSHAOYUANZIMUTIHUAIYUNSHIQI。”

  □人物小传“扮演上帝”的人拒绝克隆人

  LUOBOTE·AIDEHUAZIXIANNIAN85SUI,WEIYINGGUOJIANQIAODAXUEJIAOSHOU,BEICHENGWEI“SHIGUANYINGERZHIFU”。TA1925NIANCHUSHENGYUYINGGUOMANCHESITE,CENGZAIDIERCIDAZHANQIJIANFUBINGYI。ZHANHOU,AIDEHUAZIYU1955NIANHUODESHENGWUXUEBOSHIXUEWEI。1958NIAN,AIDEHUAZIKAISHIZAISHENGZHIYIXUELINGYUDEYANJIU。CONG1963NIANQI,AIDEHUAZIKAISHIZAIJIANQIAODAXUEGONGZHI,BINGYUPATELIKE·SITEPUTUOYANFACHUTIWAISHOUJINGJISHU。SUIHOU,AIDEHUAZIYUSITEPUTUOYOUGONGTONGCHUANGLILEQUANQIUTIWAISHOUJINGYANJIUZHONGXIN——BOENHUOERSHENGZHIYIXUEZHONGXIN。RUGUOSITEPUTUOJIANZAIDEHUA,TAHENKENENGHUIYUAIDEHUAZIGONGXIANGJINNIANDENUOJIANG,KEXITAYIYU1988NIANQUSHI。

  SHISHISHANG,SHANGGELIYONGTIWAISHOUJINGJISHUCHUSHENGDESHIGUANYINGERLUYISI·BULANGZAOZAI1978NIANJIUDANSHENGLE,ZHEIZAIDANGSHIYINQIBUXIAOHONGDONG,SHENZHIYOUBAOZHIJINGHU:RENMEN“BANYANLESHANGDI”!SHIZHIJINRI,QUANDESHIGUANYINGERSHULIANGYIDA4BAIWAN。DANDUIYUKELONGRENYANJIU,ZHEIWEI“SHIGUANYINGERZHIFU”QUECHIFANDUITAIDU。2004NIAN4YUE,AIDEHUAZIZAIZHONGGUOFANGWENSHICENGBIAOSHI:“WOJIANJUEFANDUIXIANZAIJINXINGKELONGRENYANJIU,YINWEIZHEISHIBUANQUANDE。WOMENDOUZHIDAOKELONGYANGDUOLIDEANLI。JIESHOUKELONGSHIYANDE277GELUANXIBAOZHIYOU29GEFAYUCHENGPEITAI,QIZHONGZHIYOUDUOLIYIGEZHENGCHANGCHUSHENG,QITADOUSHIBUZHENGCHANGDEJIXINGTAIER……RUGUOBUNENGGOUYONGYICIYOUYICIDEDONGWUSHIYANLAIZHENGMINGMOUZHONGJISHUDEANQUANXING,NEIJIUJUEBUYINGDANGBATASHIJIAYURENTI。”

  1978年7月25日23时47分

  首名试管婴儿诞生的故事

  1976NIAN,YINGGUO,YIDUINIANQINGFUFUZHAODAOAIDEHUAZIBOSHIJIQITONGSHIPATELIKE·SITEPUTUOBOSHI,XIANGZHEILIANGMINGQUANYINGZHIMINGSHENGYUZHUANJIAQIUZHU。

  ZHANGFUYUEHANYUQIZILAISILIJIEHUN9NIANYIZHIWUFASHENGYU。XIANQIANZHENDUANFAXIAN,LAISILISHULUANGUANDUSAI。1977NIAN11YUE10RI,LAISILIJIESHOUZHEIYIDANGSHIRENGPOJUSHIYANXINGZHIDESHOUSHU。SITEPUTUOYONGYIGENZHANGERXIANXIDENEIKUIJINGCONGLAISILILUANCHAOZHONGQUCHUYIMEILUANZIBINGJIAOJIAIDEHUAZI。AIDEHUAZISUIHOUBATAHEQUZIYUEHANDEJINGZIYIBINGFANGRUSHIGUANPEIYANGYE。LIANGTIANHOU,AIDE

  HUAZIBASHOUJINGLUANZHIRULAISILIDEZIGONG。LIANGMINGKEXUEJIAZIXIGUANCHAHOUFAXIAN,SHOUJINGLUANCHENGGONGZHECHUANG。

  SUOYOUZHEIXIENULIZAI1978NIAN7YUE25RI23SHI47FENDANXIAYAOYANDECHENGGUO:YIGETIZHONG2700KEDEJIANKANGNVYING,GESHIGUANYINGERLUYISI·BULANG。TADECHUSHENGZHENDONGLE,YINGJIETADEYOURELIEDEHUANHU,YEYOUJUDADEKONGJU。RENMENDANXINSHIGUANYINGERDEDANSHENGHUIPOHUAIXIANYOUDELUNLIGUANXI,SHENZHIDANXIN“SHIGUAN”LIPEIYUCHUDEJIANGSHIJIXINGGUAIWU。DANGSHIDEBAOZHIJINGHU:RENMEN“BANYANLESHANGDI”、YOUYICI“DAKAILEPANDUOLADEHEZI”、“WEIFANLELUNLIDAODE”。DANBUGUANRENMENZENMEXIANG,YIGEXINSHIDAIBUKEZUDANGDIDAOLAILE。ZAI“MOGUIDEZAOWU”、“FULANKENSITANZHIZI”ZHILEIDEGUOZAOZHONG,LUYISIJIANKANGDIZHANGDA,CHENGWEISHIGUANYINGERJISHUDEWANMEIGUANGGAO。TASHIGETIANJINGHAIXIU、BUAICHUFENGTOUDEWENROUGUNIANG,GUOZHEPINGJINGERPUTONGDESHENGHUO,SHANGXUE、GONGZUO、JIEHUN,CHULESHICHANGSHOUDAOMEITIGUANZHU,YUYIBANRENMEIYOULIANGYANG。2004NIAN,LUYISIJIEHUN。AIDEHUAZICENGSHOUYAOCANJIALETADEHUNLI。2006NIAN12YUE20RI,LUYISIZIRANFENMIANCHANXIANANYINGKAMEILUN。BUGUOLUYISIBUSHIGESHENGHAIZIDESHIGUANYINGER,TADEMEIMEINATALICAISHI。

  DEZHIAIDEHUAZIHUOBENNIANDUNUOBEIERJIANG,LUYISIHEMUQINLAISILIFABIAOSHENGMING:“ZHEISHIMEIMIAODEXIAOXI。SHIGUANSHOUJINGJISHUXIANQUZHIYIHUODETAYINGDEZANYU,WOHEMAMAZHENGAOXING。”

  □诺奖百年

  NUOBEIERJIANGZOUGUO109NIAN,DUOZHONGTONGJISHUZIZUHEJIESHI10YUE4RIYIQIANLIJIENUOJIANGLEIJI805MINGHUOJIANGGERENDEZHUANGKUANG。

  年轻获奖者数字

  25岁

  YINGGUORENLAOLUNSI·BULAGE1915NIANHUONUOBEIERWULIXUEJIANG,SHINIAN25SUI,SHIQIJINWEIZHINIANQINGDENUOBEIERJIANGHUODEZHE。

  年长获奖者

  90岁

  ELUOSIYIMEIGUORENLAIANGNIDE·HEWEIQI2007NIAN、90SUISHIHUOJINGJIXUEJIANG,SHIQIJINNIANZHANGNUOJIANGHUODEZHE。NUOJIANGNIANZHANGNVXINGHUOJIANGZHESHIYINGGUORENDUOLISI·LAIXIN,2007NIAN、87SUISHIHUOWENXUEJIANG。

  拒绝领奖者

  2人

  FAGUORENSATESHI1964NIANNUOBEIERWENXUEJIANGHUODEZHE,DANJUJUELINGJIANG。YUENANQIANLINGDAORENLIDESHOU1973NIANHUOHEPINGJIANG,DANBUXIEYUSHIRENMEIGUOGUOWUQINGJIXINGEYITONGLINGJIANG。

  1958NIANWENXUEJIANGDEZHUSULIANZUOJIABAOLISI·PASIJIEERNAKEPOYUYALIWEIJIESHOUJIANGXIANG。

  父子同获奖

  6对

  YINGGUORENHENGLI·BULAGEHELAOLUNSI·BULAGEFUZI1915NIANFENXIANGWULIXUEJIANG;DANMAIRENHENGLIKE·BOER1922NIANHUOWULIXUEJIANG,53NIANHOUXIAOBOERHUODEWULIXUEJIANG;RUIDIANRENHANSI·FENG·AOYILE—QIEERPING1929NIANHUOHUAXUEJIANG,ERZI1970NIANHUOYIXUEJIANG;YINGGUORENJ·J·TANGMUSEN1906NIANHUOWULIXUEJIANG,ERZI1937NIANHUOTONGYIJIANGXIANG;RUIDIANRENKAER·XIGEBAEN1924NIANHUONUOBEIERWULIXUEJIANG,ERZI1981NIANHUOTONGYIJIANGXIANG;MEIGUORENASE·KEENBOGE1959NIANHUOYIXUEJIANG,ERZI2006NIANHUOHUAXUEJIANG。

  夫妻同获奖

  3对

  分别是芬兰裔法国人玛里·居里和丈夫皮埃尔·居里1903年获物理学奖;居里夫妇的女儿伊雷娜·约里奥—居里和丈夫弗雷德里奥·约里奥1935年获化学奖;美国人卡尔·科里和格蒂·科里夫妇1947年获医学奖。另外,在瑞典,丈夫贡纳尔·米达尔1974年获经济学奖,妻子阿尔娃·米达尔1982年获和平奖。

 

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